上周, 社交媒体巨头脸谱网宣布将斥资8亿美元在迪卡尔布建立一个数据中心, 伊利诺斯州. 这是该州的巨大胜利, which has often seen these types of projects land in other locations. 这次有什么不同?
14年前开始, 一家与KG电子相关的有限责任公司开始收购位于芝加哥市中心以西约60英里的迪卡尔布县的农田. 当时，KG电子正在该地区建设工业设施，而这个集合体——现在被称为芝加哥西部商业中心——似乎是建设工业设施的理想地点, 包括数据中心.
“We felt that DeKalb was in the path of progress, 有非常强大的公用事业基础设施以及附近的大学,杰瑞·克鲁辛斯基说, CEO of KG电子. “I’ve often used the expression that it’s not too far and not too close to 芝加哥.”
克鲁辛斯基在迪卡尔布市的土地兼并中发挥了重要作用，他与行业组织合作, 政府, public-private partnerships and others to bring new infrastructure to the site, 包括大功率电, 水和光纤. All of this work was to better position the 1,占地000英亩, master-planned property for a ground-up industrial use.
The first hurdle standing in the way of development was the economic crash of 2008. During the record-long cycle that followed, KG电子回应了一些rfp, but those projects always ended up going to more business-friendly states. 例如, 芝加哥西部商业中心曾入围2013年的一个数据中心项目，该项目最终落户爱荷华州.
“We were maybe a little overly selective,” said Krusinski. “我们希望拥有合适的第一用户，因为这几乎决定了游戏开发的平衡性. We’ve had multiple requests for smaller projects, but we were really more interested in a first transaction on a larger scale.”
That finally occurred this year (ironically, just as the economy heads toward another recession), with the announcement that 脸谱网 has chosen the site for its 12th U.S. 也是伊利诺斯州第一个数据中心. The 907,000-square-foot facility is scheduled for completion in 2022.
There’s a rule of thumb in the world of computing, 摩尔定律, that states that affordable processing power will double, 平均, 大约每18个月. 自20世纪70年代以来，随着我们所有的计算设备变得越来越小，这个定理令人惊讶地成立了, 更快、更便宜.
矛盾的是, data centers have grown in size during this time, bursting out of siloed server rooms and occupying acres of purpose-built, 专用空间. 怎么可能两者都是真的呢? The answer is data, or rather, the sheer amount of it that we create. 电子邮件 and social media have seen exponential growth, 智能手机已经扩展了消费和创建数据的手段，而物联网(IoT)每天将越来越多的设备连接到云端.
When he helped to assemble the land 14 years ago, Krusinski确信站点的一部分将适合作为数据中心的场所. He couldn’t have foreseen just how massive of a use it would have been, with 脸谱网 committing to fully half of the property’s total land area.
“当时, we earmarked 50 acres as the appropriate size allocation, thinking that would be plenty of space for a data center,”Krusinski说. “We were off by a zero because 脸谱网 is on 500 acres now. These data center operations are becoming so large in scale because of cloud users.”
脸谱网的DeKalb数据中心将完全使用可再生能源，用水量比其他数据中心少80%. When completed, the facility will be LEED Gold certified. KG电子目前正在履行其为该项目准备道路和关键基础设施的职责.
另一半土地——Gurler路以北的另外500英亩，毗邻I-88, sits ready and waiting for future industrial uses. Trammell Crowe公司目前正在建设芝加哥西部商业中心的一部分，以满足一个未公开的用户. Krusinski said he is eager to partner with 特拉梅尔乌鸦公司 in the future to develop the rest of the land.
脸谱网, which was only two years old at the time, had fewer than 100 million active users when Krusinski began assembling this land. That may seem like a lot, but it pales against the 2.现在网站上有60亿用户.
思科的 年度全球云指数——预测数据中心的增长和基于云的流量——表明到2023年，全球近三分之二的人口将是互联网用户, 2018年，该比例仅略高于50%. 所有这些用户, consuming and generating an ever-expanding volume of data, will create untold demand for more cloud storage. It’s clear that hyperscale data centers are a certified asset class all their own.